Компетентності в природничих науках і технологіях

Робота в парах
 Take turns asking and answering the questions.
     What brand is your computer? (Lenovo, HP, DELL, ASUS)
     What is the operation system of your computer? (Windows, Linux)
     Which web browser does your computer use(Firefox, Mozilla, Opera)
      How many buttons are there on your mouse? (There are two buttons on my mouse)
    Does your computer have a CD-ROM drive? (Yes, of course. It has a CD-ROM drive)
    How often do you write email letters? (Usually I write email letters once a week,       sometimes, every day)
    What social services do you prefer?
   What else can you use the Internet for? (to find interesting information, to do complicated tasks)

                                                   THE MICROCHIP
     If we …(1) have microchips, we …(2) have calculators, computers or laptops. These tiny chips are also called ‘integral circuit’ and they store huge amount of …(3).
The American Jack Kilby is considered the …(4) of the microchip. He won the Nobel Prize for …(5) in the year 2000 but actually created the first microchip as early as 1958.
The structures on microchips have become smaller and smaller.
They are now the size of atoms. There are almost a billion trasistors on each square centimeter. If this technology didn’t …(6), we would be …(7) to use everyday objects like mobile phones and microwave ovens.
 1. a) wouldn’t     b) hasn’t   c) don’t    d) didn’t
2. a) don’t    b) wouldn’t   c) won’t   d) would
3. a) informations  b) inform  c) information  d) informs
4. a) inventor   b) inventive  c) invention  d) inventing
5. a) Physicist  b) Physical    c) Physics     d) Physically
6. a) exists  b) existing   c) existed   d) exist
7. a) can  b) able  c) could   d) would

Keys: 1d 2b 3c 4a 5c 6d 7b

Match the words (1-12) and their definitions (a-l)
1) monitor           
2) website           
3) surf the Net    
4) mouse            
5) go on line       
6) electronic - mail
7) keyboard        
8) log on/off        
9) clip art            
10) printer            
11) download      
12) digital messages

a) to move rapidly through websites on the Internet
b) machine for printing text onto paper, especially one linked to a computer
c) large collection of simple drawings stored in a computer from which items can be chosen for incorporation into documents
d) go through the procedures to begin / and use of a computer system
e) set of keys that operate a computer
f) small device moved by hand to control the movement of the cursor on a computer screen
g) connect to a central computer
h) messages sent from one computer to another
i)  computer screen
j) group of connected pages on the Internet containing information on a particular subject
k) system of sending text, pictures, etc. to other people by means of computers linked to a  network (also email)
l) transfer data from a large storage system to a smaller one
Робота в парах.
Make a list of  5 things that you associate with the computers and new technologies. Use these prompts to describe things from your list.
It is a bit like…
The main thing with…
It is used for…
It is made of…
P1.-It is a small object. It is made of plastic and metal. It is used for storing information.
P2.-  A flash-drive?
Робота в групах
“The Analysis of the Situation”
Divide the following sentences into two groups: reasons to approve of and reasons to disapprove of computers (put the numbers of the sentences into the corresponding column).
Then add some of your own ideas to the list.
They can help in study.
They are a menace to children’s education.
They are detrimental of our eyesight.
They are a wonderful means of entertainment.
They can be a comfort to lonely people.
They are economically beneficial to the companies that make them.
They help to prevent crimes.
They are useful for office workers.
They are a time-saver for designers.
They can be a time-waster.
They are a priceless source of information.
They are harmful to the environment.
They encourage young people to be violent.
They are a better alternative to using a typewriter.
Reasons to approve of computers
Reasons to disapprove of computers

Вибіркове читання
Read the text and answer the questions (1-5).
How do we use the Net?
We asked members of one family to tell us what they use the Internet for and why. Here is what they told us.
   A.  Granddad Peter.
I might be over 80 but the Internet is invaluable to me. At my age it’s not always so easy to get about and my friends and family are scattered all over the globe. It's difficult to visit and have face-to-face conversations very often. It's a bit pricy too! Phoning isn't convenient because of the different time zones. I don't think my brother in Aus­tralia would appreciate being woken up at three in the morning just for me to say hello! So I keep in touch by e-mail and it's very important to me. It took me a while to get the hang of it.
   B.   Daughter Lynne
I must admit that I'm a spendaholic and I'm on auction sites all the time. I can't resist a bargain and I love the excitement of bidding against other people and never being sure whether you're going to win or not. It's quite addictive so I have to be careful or else I would be completely broke! I think it's incredible that whatever you're looking to buy, someone out there has got it to sell.
   C.  Mum Karen
I find the Net useful for downloading information for my stu­dents. You can also access sites that give you free lesson plans and good, imaginative ideas for making lessons interesting. There's such a lot of knowledge out there too. To get the answers to the kind of ques­tions I have, it would take hours with piles of books and I simply don't have the time. For me the Net is a lifeline!
   D.  Dad Oliver
My big thing is news and sports and I'm always online checking the latest scores. I work shifts too, so I often miss the regular news slots and with the Net I can always watch news clips of programmes that were on earlier. It also brings you breaking news and with the more controversial issues if you want to, you can read people's com­ments and of course, make your own. I do that quite often. And there are also online newspapers. If I don't get a paper, I can always go on­line and click on to the newspapers website. It's easier to choose what you want to read rather than leafing through the papers which can be so big these days.
Which person says…
1.                I see the Net as time saving?
2.              I sometimes share my opinions with others?
3.              I use it to get help with my work?
4.              I don’t always get what I want?
5.               It took time to work out how to use the Net?

Match the definitions with the expressions to make sure you know their meaning.
1)                The small object that you move with your hand to operate a
2)                The flat part in front of a computer which you look at;
3)                The part of a computer with rows of letters and symbols;
4)                The flat piece of rubber or plastic which you use under a
5)                A round disk for using in a computer to store large amounts
of information;
6)                A type of small computer you can carry with you;
7)                One of the parts with a letter or symbol which you press
when you use a computer;
8)                The equipment which allows information to be sent to
another computer;

a)              Screen;
b)              Mouse;
c)               Modem;
d)              Key;
e)               CD;
f)                Keyboard;
g)              Mouse
h)              Laptop;

 Read the text and  find the equivalents of the following words:
 Позначки, домашня сторінка, структура сайта, зміст, соціальні сіті, потребувати,послуги.
   A website, also written as Web site,[1] web site, or simply site,[2] is a set of related web pages served from a single web domain. A website is hosted on at least one web server, accessible via a network such as the Internet or a private local area network through an Internet address known as a Uniform Resource Locator. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web.
   A webpage is a document, typically written in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML, XHTML). A webpage may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors.
  Webpages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which may optionally employ encryption (HTTP Secure, HTTPS) to provide security and privacy for the user of the webpage content. The user's application, often a web browser, renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal.
  The pages of a website can usually be accessed from a simple Uniform Resource Locator (URL) called the web address. The URLs of the pages organize them into a hierarchy, although hyperlinking between them conveys the reader's perceived site structure and guides the reader's navigation of the site which generally includes a home page with most of the links to the site's web content, and a supplementary about, contact and link page.
   Some websites require a subscription to access some or all of their content. Examples of subscription websites include many business sites, parts of news websites, academic journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, message boards, web-based email, social networking websites, websites providing real-time stock market data, and websites providing various other services (e.g., websites offering storing and/or sharing of images, files and so forth).
-         What kinds of sites are mentioned in the text?

 Let us talk about e-mails?
Work in groups. Discuss these questions. Use the prompts and your own ideas.
In my opinion…
If you ask me…
To be honest..
Everybody knows that…
The reason why …is…
I mean…

What springs to mind when you hear the word ‘e-mail’?
How important is e-mail to you?
Do you prefer writing e-mails or real letters with a pen and paper?
How much time do you spend reading and writing e-mails?
Do you ever receive spam mail? What do you do with it?
How many different e-mail accounts do you have / need?
If you could secretly have access to someone else’s e-mail account, who would it be and why?
Which e-mail provider do you use (Mail, Inbox,, Yandex..)? Are you happy with the service?
Do you think e-mail can be dangerous?
What new functions would you like to see with e-mail?
Have you ever waited, and waited, and waited and waited for an e-mail to arrive? How many times did you check?
E-mail has replaced post. What will replace e-mail in the future?
What can happen if someone steals your email password?

 Get to know what is in e-mail address.
Billbrown   - username
@ -  [?t]
mailbox - domain
edu - type of organization
ua - country code
b) Go around the class and ask 5 or 6 mates to tell you their e-mails, fill in the E-mail List and read aloud the addresses.

E-mail List

Робота в групах
 Group A. Write a short e-mail. You are going to Kyiv this weekend. Ask you friend to join you. Tell about time of leaving and arriving. The tickets are free.
Group B. Write a short e-mail. Your friend invites you to the free trip to Kyiv. Tell that you will come. Ask about the place of meeting and sights you are supposed to visit.
Group C. Think over and write down the plan of writing the correct and polite e-mails.

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